In Western culture dessert is a course that typically comes at the end of a meal, usually consisting of sweet food. The word comes from the French language as dessert and this from Old French desservir, "to clear the table" and "to serve." Common desserts include cakes, cookies, pastries, ice cream, pie, and candies. Fruit may also be eaten with the dessert. In Russia, breakfast foods such as Bliny, Oladi, and Syrniki served with honey and jam are also popular as desserts.
The word dessert is most commonly used for this course in U.S., Canada, Australia, New Zealand and Ireland, while sweet, pudding or afters may be alternative terms used in the UK and some other Commonwealth countries, including India. In England, the term pudding is usually used among the Upper and Upper-middle classes, with dessert only used if the course consists of fruit or sweetmeats, after the cheese and biscuits course. Desserts are often eaten with a dessert spoon, intermediate in size between a teaspoon and a tablespoon.
The first desserts were candies, made from fruits or nuts rolled in honey. It was not until the middle ages, when sugar was manufactured, that people began to enjoy more sweets but even then sugar was so expensive that it was only for the wealthy on special occasions.
consisting of ( phrasal verb ) to be made of or formed from something
include (v) to contain something as a part of
pastry (n) a type of sweet cake made of special
pastry and usually containing
something such as fruit or nuts
afters (n) sweet food eaten at the end of a meal
intermediate (adj.) being between two other related
things, levels or points
Questions for discussing ( คำถามเพื่ออภิปราย )
Follow up activity (กิจกรรมเสนอแนะ )